Capacitor

Capacitor is a cross-platform app runtime that makes it easy to build web apps that run natively on iOS, Android, Electron, and the web.

We strongly recommend to use Capacitor. However, if you are not ready yet, don't worry, you can still use Cordova.

How to use Capacitor to deploy your apps?

The Capacitor workflow involves a few consistent tasks:

iOS Platform

This app has an iOS folder which contains the iOS native app. Read how to build this app for iOS.

Android Platform

This app has an Android folder which contains the Android native app. Read how to build this app for Android.

How to remove Capacitor and use Cordova?

We use and strongly recommend using Capacitor, the developer experience is SO MUCH better than it was with Cordova. However, in this section, we will show you how to remove Capacitor and add Cordova if you are not yet ready to use it.

  • Delete ios, android and .gradle folders

  • Delete capacitor.config.json

  • Run: ionic cordova platform add ios

  • Run: ionic cordova platform add android

You will have to change the Capacitor plugins for Ionic Native plugins.

Install Ionic Native by running:

npm install @ionic-native/core @ionic-native/status-bar @ionic-native/splash-screen --save

Go to app.component.tsand do the following:

Remove:

import { Plugins } from '@capacitor/core';
const { SplashScreen } = Plugins;

Add:

import { SplashScreen } from '@ionic-native/splash-screen/ngx';
import { StatusBar } from '@ionic-native/status-bar/ngx';
import { Platform } from '@ionic/angular';

Change the initializeApp() method for the following code:

initializeApp() {
this.platform.ready().then(() => {
this.statusBar.styleDefault();
this.splashScreen.hide();
});
}

Add the following parameters to the constructor:

constructor(...,
private platform: Platform,
private splashScreen: SplashScreen,
private statusBar: StatusBar)

Now go to app.module.ts and add the following:

import { SplashScreen } from '@ionic-native/splash-screen/ngx';
import { StatusBar } from '@ionic-native/status-bar/ngx';

Then add them as providers of the module:

providers: [
StatusBar,
SplashScreen,
...
],

Now if you run ionic serve everything should work fine.

We use Share and Geolocation plugins from Capacitor. If you want those features to work in your Cordova app, you need to change the implementation using the respective Ionic Native plugins.

Now you can safely remove the Capacitor dependencies from your package.json.

npm uninstall --save @capacitor/android
npm uninstall --save @capacitor/cli
npm uninstall --save @capacitor/core
npm uninstall --save @capacitor/ios